Full name: The Republic of Kenya
Population: 32.8 million (UN, 2005)
Capital: Nairobi (Population of 2.8 million)
Area: 582,646 sq km (224,961 sq miles)
Major languages: Kiswahili (official), English (official), various other indigenous languages
Religion: Protestant 38%, Roman Catholic 28%, indigenous beliefs 26%, Muslim 7%, other 1%
Life expectancy: 48 years (men), 46 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Kenya shilling = .01267 US dollars
Exchange Rate: 1 US Dollar = 78.89904 Kenyan Shilling (at 1/9/10)
Main exports: Tea, coffee, horticultural products, petroleum products
Tribes: 22% Kikuyu, 14% Luhya, 13% Luo, 12% Kalenjin, 11% Kamba, 6% Kisii, 6% Meru
GNI per capita: US $530 (World Bank, 2006)
GDP per capita: US $1,100
Climate: Along the coast, climate is tropical, hot and humid. On the plateau and in the highlands the climate is more temperate. In Nairobi there are normally two periods of rain, the long rains from April to June and the short rains in October and November.
Education is not compulsory. The government provides, or assists, in the provision of schools. Primary education is provided free of charge. The education system involves eight years of primary (beginning at 5 or 6 years of age), five years of secondary school and four years of university education.
Employment: 80% is Agriculture (23% of total GDP).
Most industrialized country in East Africa, but contributed only 10.9% of GDP in 1992.
Major industries include petroleum refining (using imported crude petroleum), the processing of agricultural products, vehicle assembly, the exploitation of soda-ash reserves, the production of chemicals, publishing and printing, the manufacture of textiles and clothing, cement, electrical equipment, tires, batteries, paper ceramics, machinery, metal products, rubber, wood and cork products, and leather goods.
Tourism is one of Kenya's most important earner of foreign exchange and continues to grow. Kenya's tourist assets comprise of its wildlife which is mostly accessible through the system of parks and reserves, its extensive palm-fringed, white sandy beaches protected by coral reefs and dramatic scenery from deserts to tropical rain forests.
Internet domain: .ke
International dialing code: +254
Kenya and USA, side by side...
Life expectancy in Kenya is just 45 years. In the United States, the average person can expect to live to the age of 77.
Of every 1,000 babies born alive in Kenya, 123 will die before their fifth birthdays - compared to only 8 out of 1,000 in the United States.
Safe water is accessible to just 62% of the people of Kenya. Almost everyone in the United States has access to safe water.
Illiteracy is a major problem in Africa,
as is the disparity between men's and women's education. In Kenya, 91% of the men and just 80% of the women are literate. In the United States, nearly all adults -- 97% of both men and women -- can read and write.
Annual per capita income in Kenya is $1,020 (GDP per capita, ppp US$).
It is $35,750 in the United States.
Read more about Kenya's people, history, economy and government.
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